INVE Laura Fit 0.25 is a mixture of glycerol monolaurate and lauric acid. Glycerol monolaurate is a monoglyceride of lauric acid (an ester of C12:0 with glycerol). Lauric acid is the saturated fatty acid C12:0 which is a medium chain fatty acid.
These fatty acids have antimicrobial activity, mainly against Gram+ bacteria:
Apart of the antimicrobial activity lauric acid and glycerol monolaurate also have antiviral and antifungal effect.